COMBINING AND FILTERING FUNCTIONS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF NONLINEAR-FEEDBACK SHIFT REGISTER
Keywords:stream ciphers, generators of the pseudorandom sequence, NLFSR, nonlinear feedback shift register, filtering function, combining function, cryptanalysis, nonlinear polynomials.
AbstractStrong cryptography of stream ciphers is determined according to the ability of the generated pseudorandom sequence to resist analytical attacks. One of the main components of the pseudorandom stream cipher sequence generating algorithm is Boolean functions for combining and filtering. The paper considers the possibility of applying nonlinear-feedback shift registers that generate a maximum length sequence as a combining or filtering function. The main indicators of cryptographic strength of such functions as: balance, the prohibitions presence, correlation immunity and nonlinearity are examined in this work. The study analyzes and demonstrates correlation immunity and nonlinearity experimental values for all nonlinear feedback shift registers that generate a maximum length sequence, for register sizes up to 6 cells inclusively, and register sizes up to 9 cells inclusively with algebraic degree of the polynomial under 2. The possibility of optimizing the process of selecting Boolean functions according to the criteria of maximum correlation immunity and nonlinearity with various algebraic degrees and minimization of the number of monomials in the polynomial is studied.
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